I’m not an elitist. I’d like to start with that. There is nothing actually wrong with quartz but compared to automatic movements, in my opinion, they are sub par. And you will most likely see that in the price of the watch. Its not a conspiracy or anything, its just higher quality.
The main difference between between automatic and quartz is one has a battery and the other winds itself when you move. With that said, quartz watches can be sat down until the battery dies before it fails. However, the automatic movement has to be continuously wound. So if you sit your fully wound watch down for a few days, it will probably stop. To prevent this, we buy a watch winder that constantly, but slowly, spin the watch to keep it wound.
So which kind of watch movement do I want to buy?
To be honest, its totally up to you. It’s all about what you are into. The automatic watches are almost always more expensive. Especially if you decide to buy a Swiss automatic. That’s where the price starts to really get up there( Think Rolex, Tissot, Omega, etc.).
Bottom line is I am biased, I love the automatic movement but I personally own 3 quartz watches. All watches are interesting in my opinion so get out there and find one you love.